Right until June 2004, Nigeria experienced operated particularly in the community sector, a defined reward pension scheme, which was largely unfunded and non-contributory. The system was characterized as pay out-as-you-go (PAYG) scheme because retirees were being to be supported not by their former contributions but yearly budgetary provisions so the massive accumulation of pension financial debt, which was believed at much more than a person trillion naira.

Next the evident collapse of the general public sector pension scheme, as evidenced by the hundreds if not tens of millions of poor, embittered retirees manufactured around the years and an similarly significant variety of quick-transformed personal sector workers, the government of Nigeria acted wisely to reform the system with the Pension Act in 2004.

The coming into force of the Pension Reform Act in 2004 has been hailed as a highly workable remedy to the concern of pension, which for most employees currently, continues to be the possible source of money in their retirement a long time.

The new pension scheme came to swap the prior outlined reward plan. The new plan is described contribution plan, which is contributory in character, producing it required on companies and employees (in the public sector and private sector corporation with five or much more staff members) to add 7.5% every single of the emoluments of the personnel into a Retirement Personal savings Account (RSA).However, for the military, the contribution level is 2.5% with the federal government contributing 12.5%.

Underneath the old defined benefit scheme, no contributions were designed, and projections had been needed to be designed of the pension entitlements of each staff by the employer, with this kind of projections remaining decided by the employee’s decades of support and earnings. Hence, the obligations are efficiently the financial debt obligation of the employer, which assumes the danger of getting insufficient cash to satisfy the contractual payments that must be created to retired staff.

Even so, beneath the described contribution plan, the employer is liable only for creating distinct contributions on behalf of qualifying members. Nonetheless, the employer does not assure any sure quantity in retirement. The payment that will be created to qualifying individuals upon retirement will count on the advancement of the scheme assets. The most important goal of the scheme is to accumulate sufficient cash to make sure frequent month to month payments to the contributor just after he or she retires.

A contributor has the option to both get an annuity from an insurance provider or attract direct payment from his Retirement Personal savings Account (RSA) stability to an insurance provider in trade for a assured every month or quarterly payment for an agreed interval this could be dangerous in that such payment could prevent when the retiree dies.

On the other hand, you can have an arrangement for programmed withdrawals from your Retirement Personal savings Account (RSA), which could warranty existence long payment and a lump payment to a contributor’s survivors in circumstance of demise ahead of the resources run out. The plan also offers allowance for bulk payment to permit a retiree buy a dwelling or begin a business enterprise presented the equilibrium on the contributor’s Retirement Savings Account (RSA) could fund a month to month payment for the relaxation of the contributor’s everyday living that is not a lot less than fifty percent of the contributor’s very last income.

For example, if your whole contribution to a RSA sum to N20,000 for every thirty day period for a interval of 20decades at an ordinary annual return of 10% and lifetime right after retirement is envisaged to be 25decades.You would have amassed about N15,000,000 and this entitles you to a monthly payment of about N138,000 for that period.

Allow us assume you now retire with a month-to-month closing wage of N150, 000 and wishes a lump sum payment, which implies, you will require to deliver for a month-to-month retirement reward of N75, 000, you can therefore consider a lump sum of N12.9 million or retirement primarily based on funds gathered.
Even so, for a man or woman who stars out early to contribute the exact sum for 40many years at the exact same price of returns would have amassed N126 million in his or her RSA and would be entitle to a monthly payment of N1.1 million.

Since the defined contribution plan encourages labour sector adaptability, the worker is totally free to go with his or her account as he or she moves to a different location of work and or home. At last, the direct contribution scheme is believe that to have the probable to generate optimistic financial externalities, which include the advertising of further, a lot more competitive, and much more liquid fiscal current market.


The pension fund directors and pension fund custodians are to maintain and handle the contributions up right until the time a contributor retires at the age of 50years or above. The regulation of the scheme is offered by the pension fee to reduce abuses and safeguard the resources under administration. Even so, care really should be taken in deciding on a PFA (Pension Fund Administrator) to manage your Retirement Discounts Account. Most of the Pension Fund Directors are basically star-ups, nevertheless all are backlink to 1 team of fiscal establishment or yet another, these types of as banks and insurance coverage businesses.

Characteristics this sort of as a confirmed awareness of significant fund management, transparency and integrity as very well as shopper provider troubles should really be take into account. A little exploration into the antecedents and report of accomplishment of the proprietor institutions and their directors would assistance in making the correct conclusions. Recall that no employer can drive any employees to use a unique Pension Fund Administrator, though the legislation will allow a contributor to appropriate any error of choice by relocating his or her account from one Pension Fund Administrator to another after a year with out acquiring to give causes.